Possible questions for final exam from chapter 1,2,3,4 and 6.

The purpose of this assignment is to be well prepared for the coming final exam because we are already covered the possible questions and answers of the material. This assignment will help us better understanding the material.

Chapter 1 – Introduction to Environmental Science

The chapter 1 consist the meaning of the ecosystem services to our lives as well as the natural resources.  This chapter is also concentrated on the understanding of the scientific method and importance of the science to our lives as well.

  1. What is Environmental science?
    1. Study of how the natural world work, how our environment affects us, and how we affect our environment.
    2. Study of relationship between organisms and the environment.
    3. Organism that live in an area and the physical environment with which those organism interact.
    4. Material that an organism must acquire from the environment to live.
  2. When did the second industrial revolution begin?
    1. Mid 1700
    2. 1800
    3. 1900
    4. 2000
  3. Natural resources that are replenished over short period are known as:
    1. Renewable natural resources.
    2. Epiphytes.
    3. Ecotones.
    4. Adaptation
  4. What is environmentalism?
    1. Social movement dedicated to protecting the natural world and by extension, people from undesirable changes brought about human action.
    2. Simultaneously change of geographic distributions and undergo the evolutionary process which increases their ability to live in the new climate regime.
    3. A tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem   that can be tested by further investigation.
    4. Changes in vegetation across entire continent.
  5. What are the two types that environmental science covered?
    1. Natural & Social
    2. Evolution & pollution
    3. Both a and b
    4. None of them
  6. The scientific method is technique for testing ideas with observation?
    1. True
    2. False
  7. Experiment in which the researches actively chooses and manipulates the in           depended variable is known as Natural experiment.
    1. True
    2. False
  8. Explain the Ecosystem services?

9.      Set Up the scientific method (include all parts)?

10.     Environmental science that                                   Environmental studies

focus predominantly on the natural

science whereas programs that incorporate

the social science extensively often use the term:

One that borrows techniques                                Interdisciplinary

from multiple disciplines

And brings their research results

together into a broad

Synthesis is called:                                                           

Social movement dedicated to protecting                        Environmentalism

the natural world and by extension,

people from undesirable changes

brought about human action

Technique for testing ideas                                   Scientific method

With observations is called:

Study of how the natural                                                 Environmental science

world work, how our environment

affects us, and how we

affect our environment.

Chapter 2 – Matter, Energy and Geology

The second Chapter is based on the real world situations and how we can influence on by following the science. This chapter also refers to forms of ENERGY that can be found above and below the world’s surface and their structure.

11.      What is the geothermal energy?

  1. Thermal energy from below Earth’s surface
  2. Transition from one type of ecosystem to another.
  3. Material that an organism must acquire from the environment to live.
  4. None of the above

12.      Atoms are:

  1. The smallest units that maintain the chemical properties of the element.
  2. Epiphytes
  3. Flowers that can be found in the environment

d.   Acid elements from the soil

13.      What elements contain geothermal heated water that rises up as steam?

a.   Hydrogen

b.   Oxygen

c.   A & B

d.   Calcium

14.       Fundamental type of matter, a chemical substance with a given set of properties, which can’t be broken into substances, is called:

a.   Element

b.   Biodiversity

c.   Biosphere

d.   None of them

15.       What is the chemical formula for water?

a.  H2O

b.  CO2

c. CH4

d.  O3

16.       The major forms of energy that scientist commonly distinguish are kinetic and geothermal energy

a.   True

b.   False

17.       Energy is capacity to change the position, physical composition, or temperature of matter.

a.   True

b.   False

18.       Classify the two major forms of energy.

19.       Describe the sedimentary rock?

20.      When a type of rock is subjected to                     Metamorphic rock

Great heat or pressure, it may alter it’s

Form becoming

Fundamental type of matter, a chemical               Element

substance with a given set of properties,

which can’t be broken into substances,

is called:

Rock that forms when magma or lava cools         Igneous rock

Is called

Any natturaly occurring solid element                  Mineral

Or inorganic compound with a crystal

Structure is called

If magma is released through the lithosphere       Lava

It may flow or spatter across Earth surface

Is called

Chapter 3 – Chapter 3: Evolution, Biodiversity and Population Ecology

Chapter 3 deals with the evolution of the biodiversity and also refers to extinction of particular species. On the other hand this chapter gives us knowledge about the organizations that deals with the population ecology, population growth and other important issues of the environmental science.

21.      A process by which populations change over time is:

a.    Evolution

b.    Population

c.    Community

d.    None of them

22.      What type of classification includes the organisms that live in an area and the                                                                                                                                                                               physical environment with which those organisms interact are called:

a.   Ecosystem

b.   Epiphytes

c.   Ecotones

d.   Adaptation

23.       What is natural selection?

a.   Process by which inherited characteristic that enhance survival and reproduction are passed on more frequently to future generations than those that do not, thus altering the genetic makeup of population through time.

b.   The long term geographic isolation of populations that can lead to allopathic speciation can occur in various ways.

c.   Each population will independently accumulate its own set of mutations.

d.   None of them.

24.       The cumulative body of fossils worldwide is now as:

a.   Fossil record

b.   Desert

c.   Savanna

d.   None of them

25.       What is ecology?

a.  Study of relationship between organisms and the environment.

b.  A process by which populations change over time.

c.  Organism that live in an area and the physical environment with which                           those organism interact.

d.  Material that an organism must acquire from the environment to live.

26.        Explain ecosystem theory?

27.        Set up the levels of ecological organization?

28.         Communities are made up of multiple interacting species that live in the      same area

a. True

b. False

29.         Ecosystems focus on patterns of species diversity and on incarnations   among spices, from one to one interaction to complex interrelationship involving entire community.

a. True

b. False

30.        The ecology that focus                                          Community ecology

of species diversity and on incarnations

among spices, from one to one interaction

to complex interrelationship involving entire community

Is called:

Encompass communities and the abiotic              Ecosystem

Material and forces with which their member

Interact is called:

The reveals patterns, such as the flow                  Ecosystem ecology

Of energy and nutrients, by studying

Living and nonliving components of system in conjunction

Is called:

Process which population change over time         Evolution

Is called:

The cumulative body of fossils                             Fossils record

Worldwide is now as

Chapter 4 – Species Interactions and Community Ecology

Chapter 4 deals with the energy flow and potential collision on a society by some species.

31.           Which biome lies between 10 degrees latitude north and south of the equator?

a.   Desert.

b.   Tropical rain forest.

c.   Savanna.

d.   Mediterranean woodland.

32.          In which biome you can find the permafrost?

a.    Tundra.

b.    Rain.

c.    Boreal Forest.

d.    Mediterranean climate.

33.         What are the things by which one can distinguish the biomes?

a.    Flowers.

b.    Rain and sun.

c.    Plants and climate.

d.    Pans and soil.

34.          In Which biomes lies Greece?

a.    Desert.

b.    Temperate grassland.

c.    Savanna.

d.    Mediterranean Woodland.

35.         Process by which individuals of one spices hunt, capture, kill, and consume individuals of other spices is called:

a.    Predation.

b.    Parasitism.

c.    Herbivory.

d.    Pollination.

36.         Illustrate the climate in the Boreal Forest biome.

37.        Explain the coevolution process?

38.         Relationship In which one organism is harmed             Amensalism

And the other is unaffected is called

Soil at or below the freezing                                          Permafrost

point of water for two or more years

Hot summer and cool winter                                         Chaparral

Dry 6-7 months, abundant                                             Tropical dry forest

rainfall 5-6 months

Warm and wet year-round                                             Tropical Rain Forest

39.           Parasitism is a relationship in which one organism, depends on another, for                                                                                                                   nourishment or some other benefit while simultaneously doing the host harm

a.            True

b. False

40.          Savanna is the biome that covers the geographic area painted in yellow.

a. True

b. False

Chapter 6- Environmental Ethics and Economics: Values and Choices

Chapter 6 explains the tight connection between the economies and ecosystem services. The theories of the economic growth are also part of this chapter and explain their impact on the environment.

41.             Use the picture below to explain the ethical perspectives of people.

42.              Explain the graph below

43.             Environmental ethics is the application of ethical standards to relationships between people and nonhuman entities.

a. True

b. False

44.            Ecolabeling is the method that serves to inform environmentalists whether the making of one particular product is harming the environment.

a. True

b. False

45.            The argument that the patriarchal                          Ecofeminism

structure of society is a root cause of both

social and environmental problems.

Earth’s ecological systems purify                         Ecosystem services

air and water, form soil, cycle nutrients,

regulate climate

The amount of a product offered                                    Supply

for sale at a given price

The amount of a product people                          Demand

will buy at a given price

Cost or benefits that affect people                     Externalities

other than the buyer or seller

46.            The discipline that applies both principles of ecology and system science to the analysis of economic systems

a.    Ecological economics

b.    Environmental economics

c.    Steady-State economies

d.    All of the above

47.           Values not usually included in the price of a good or service

a.    Nonmarket values

b.    Environmental economics

c.    Contingent valuation

d.    None of the above

48.           When does market failure occurs

a.    When we don’t take into account the environmental principles

b.    By not buying ecolabeled products

c.    When costs equal profit

d.    None of the above

49.           The value that teach us about ourselves in the world is called

a.    Educational value

b.    Use value

c.    Cultural value

d.    Option value

50.       GDP is

a.    The total monetary value of final goods and services produced each year

b.    Governmental policy

c.    Value of unfinished goods

d.    How many goods has one country exported for a year

Conclusion

This assignment is really challenging for the students as a whole. We are all supposed to cover all the material from the particular chapters however determine the most important questions and their answers. The assignment will help us better understand the material and be aware of the environmental problems and solutions by using the purposes of the Ecological advances. In our opinion we maintain the obligations to our environment as citizens of planet Earth.

Group partner http://eco110dejan.wordpress.com/

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