Increasing the cost of food.

The purpose of this assignment is to see how EF can be affected by different factors such as food distribution, gasoline, transportation.

Define what EF is?

“The amount of productive land appropriated on average by each person (in the world, a country, etc) for food, water, transport, housing, and other purposes is called EF.”

Briefly explain how food produced at distant places contribute to EF?

The food that is in distant places pass through long way to reach to the market to be sold. They are spending more time and also they are spending more gasoline then the producer that are producing in that neighborhood.

As food production became more industrialized during the 20th century, several trends emerged. One trend was a loss in the number of varieties of crops grown. A second trend was the increasing amount of energy expended to store food and ship it to market. In some countries food may travel long distances to reach the market. In, food travels an average of 1,400 miles from the field to the table. The price American pay for the food covers the cost of this long-distance transportation, which in 2004 was approximately only one dollar per mile (1.6 km).

Assuming that you are an American (not all of us are in this class), you live in New York City (2009 population estimate 8,363,710), and that the average American eats 1 kg (2 pounds) of food per day, calculate the food transportation costs for each category in the table below (U.S. 2009 population estimates 307,006,550).

Consumer Daily Cost Annual cost
You $1.40 $511
Your class 28 10220
Your town (New York) 11.709 4273.85
United States 429.809 156880.34


1.      What specific challenges to environmental sustainability are imposed by a food production and distribution system that relies on long-range transportation to bring food to market?

2.      A study by Pirog and Benjamin (2003) noted that locally produced food in the U.S. traveled only 80 kilometers (appx 50miles) or so to the market, thus saving 96% of the transportation costs. Locally grown foods may be fresher and cause less environmental impact as they are brought to market, but what are the disadvantages to you as a consumer in relying on local food production? Do you think the advantages outweigh those disadvantages?

3.      What happened to the gasoline prices recently? How would future increases in the price of gas affect your answers to the preceding questions?

 4.      If you are an American, how do you think these figures apply to other countries or your country? Where do you base your assumptions?

Pirog, R., and Benjamin, A. (2003). Checking the food odometer. Comparing food miles for local versus conventional produce sales toIowainstitutions.Ames,IA:LeopoldCenterfor Sustainable Agriculture,IowaStateUniversity.


1)      The first question explains the need of transportation of food, from the place where it is produced to the place where people are supposed consuming, for example the case of Carrefour market. In this case, the food selling in Carrefour has been produced on other place so in order to be brought to the market it has to be transported, which means that environment is getting the pollution from the transportation vehicles.

2)      In my opinion, we have more advantages by consuming the food from our close region, locally grown foods. The market saves the money for transportation, the environment is less polluted because of the short distance between production place and the market, and the food is as the question states fresher.

3)      The gasoline prices increasing rapidly nowadays. I think the reason of this happening is because of the lack of fossil fuel, the world is running out of fuel, and the other reason I think is the riots around the world, especially in countries rich with fuel resources such asLibya,Iraq,Saudi Arabia, and some other African countries. In future, I think the world is going to face a lot of problems with this issue because of the reasons I mentioned before. However, the problem can be solved by improving the other natural resources, such as sun energy, that takes a huge step recently, and the usage of electric cars, according to the transportation issue.

4)      Well, If I was an American instead of a citizen if FYROM the situation would be different. People inAmericaare closer of getting some benefits from the government than people from my country. For example, If you  like to start operating some organization that deals to natural environment saving, you will not survive, because the government at first will not get your porpose for real and second you will not survive because of the financial situation within the country’s economy. People are more interested of surviving the current day, instead of getting involved in some organizations that deals with sun energy or saving the nature. In the other side, people In America are well situated economically so they are able of doing things like these.

Cite  reference:,r:23,s:0